For most survivors, Jewish identity was an existential issue after the Holocaust. The horrors of the Shoah had made them understand that they could not continue to exist as an unwelcome minority. They saw only one solution to this problem – Zionism. The predominance of Zionism compared to other political schools of thought that had been common before the war, can be explained by the fact that the Zionists were the only ones who had a platform that seemed to make sense after the catastrophe of the Holocaust; furthermore, the Zionists were organized and active. At the first Zionist conference of the DP camps in Bavaria after the war, the demand was made to permanently dissolve the European Diaspora and expedite immigration to Eretz Israel. Additionally, the restrictions imposed by the British on immigration to Eretz Israel were severely criticized.