In the first months after the war there were barely any children under the age of 5 in the DP camps, and only 3% of the survivors were children and teenagers aged 6-17. Most survivors had lost their entire families, and alongside the feelings of loss and loneliness was the yearning to establish families of their own, resulting in a marriage boom after liberation. In some of the camps there even were group weddings, and it was not uncommon for the newlyweds to hail from different countries.
In the years 1946-1948, the birth rate in the DP camps was the highest in the world. Medical care for newborns and their young mothers, provided in cooperation with relief organizations, was one of the foremost challenges.