In February 1942, the Germans ordered the Jews of the Kovno ghetto to hand in all their books. This was just a few months after the wave of mass murder of Kovno Jews and those who had been brought to Kovno from Germany, and several weeks after the Germans had ordered the Jews of the Kovno ghetto to hand in their furs. The order to submit books was part of the "Rosenberg Operation", the theft of Jewish cultural treasures supervised by Nazi ideologue Alfred Rosenberg. In response, the Jews of Kovno tried to hide books. Some were passed from one to the other, some were buried underground, and the few that survived the Holocaust were sent to the National Library in Jerusalem for preservation.
Sunday to Thursday: 09:00-17:00
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00
Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.
Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.