In December 1941, approximately 780 Jews boarded the Struma (an old cargo barge used to carry cattle) hoping to flee war-torn, fascist Romania and make their way to a new life in Eretz Israel (Mandatory Palestine). These Jews had survived the antisemitic pogroms in Bucharest and Iași, and evaded deportations to Transnistria, escaping from detainment and labor camps. Among the Jews on board were laborers and traders, members of the free professions – doctors, engineers and others – Zionist activists, and young pioneers. Almost all of them had relatives and friends in Eretz Israel. All but 1 perished in this disaster on the Black Sea. Learn the full story below:
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