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Teaching about the Holocaust through Children's Diaries

"You're Probably Tired, Dear Diary"

Grades: 11 - 12
Duration: 1.5 hours

This lesson plan contains selected excerpts from the diaries of five children who lived and perished in the Holocaust. Through these diary entries, we will highlight some central stages many Jewish European children experienced: their pre-war existence; initial Nazi occupation; anti-Jewish decrees – the “badge of shame”, economic policies and disruption of schools; closure into ghettos or forced into hiding; daily life in the ghetto.

  1. Flinker, Moshe, Young Moshe’s Diary: The Spiritual Torment of a Jewish Boy in Nazi Europe, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem 1965, p. 19. 
  2. Heyman, Eva, The Diary of Eva Heyman, Shapolsky Punlishers, New York 1988, p. 23, 28.
  3. Heyman, p. 57. 
  4. Sierakowiak, p. 36.
  5. Rudashevski Yitshok, The Diary of the Vilna Ghetto, Ghetto Fighters House and Hakibutz Hameuchad Publishing House, 1973, p. 25. 
  6. Heyman, pp. 71-73.
  7. Flinker, p. 19.
  8. Morgenstern, Naomi, I Wanted to Fly Like a Butterfly, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem 1998, p. 12.
  9. Sierakowiak, Dawid, The Diary of Dawid Sierakowiak: Five Notebooks from the Lodz Ghetto, New York: Oxford University Press, 1996, p. 66. 
  10. Sierakowiak, p. 46. 
  11. Rudashevski, pp. 30-31.
  12. Heyman, Eva, The Diary of Eva Heyman, Shapolsky Punlishers, New York 1988, p. 68. 
  13. Heyman, p. 70.
  14. Heyman, pp. 82-83.
  15. Rudashevski, pp. 31-32.
  16. Flinker, pp. 58-59.
  17. Heyman, p. 89.
  18. Sierakowiak, p. 94.
  19. Sierakowiak, p. 121.
  20. Rudashevski, pp. 34-35.
  21. Yad Vashem Archive O.48/47.B.1.
  22. Flinker, p. 36.
  23. Heyman, p. 104.