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German Reports / Romanian Reports/Romanian Reports

The Yad Vashem Archives hold many millions of pages of documents gathered from numerous German archives (West and East).

From the indictment against Victor Arajs, Hamburg, 1976:
... During the period of July 1941 until the summer of 1942, numerous shooting operations (Aktionen), first against Jewish men and later also against Jewish women and children, took place in Libau [Liepaja] .... In the summer of 1941, presumably at the end of July 1941, a command of the Latvian auxiliary security police (Hilfssicherheitspolizei) from Riga, headed by the defendant Arajs, shot at least 100 Jewish men north of the city of Libau, with the aid of local forces ....
Staatsanwaltschaft beim dem Landgericht Hamburg 141 Js 534/60; copy YVA TR.10/1140
From the indictment against nine Nazi criminals who participated in murdering civilians in Ventspils and Liepaja, Hannover, 1968
Charny [testified]:
... On July 24, 1941, he [the witness], together with other Jews, was sent to a place on the beach, near the lighthouse, where they had to dig a pit, 25 meters long, 2.5 meters wide and 3 meters deep. When he and his working group returned to the place on July 25, nearly twelve meters of the pit were filled with corpses. First, these corpses had to be covered thoroughly, and then they had to proceed with the digging. This work continued for almost three weeks. Each day, they found parts of the pit filled with corpses. Almost every day limbs were seen sticking out of the sand ....
Hannover, Land Gericht; copy YVA O.4/368
September 26, 1941
Operational Situation Report USSR No.96
Einsatzgruppe A
Executions
... In the period from August 30 to September 5, the following were executed:
in Riga [Latvia] ……………………………………… 86 persons
in the area of the Siauliai [Lithuania] field office …… 44 persons
in the area of the Liepaja [Latvia] field office ……… 38 persons
in other areas ………………………………………… 191 persons
total:.........……………………………………………… 459 persons
Included among those executed were 237 mentally ill Jews from mental institutions in Riga and Liepaja.
The current total [of executed people] in Einsatzkommando 2 territory is 29, 246 persons ....
From Yitzhak Arad, Shmuel Krakowski and Shmuel Spector, eds., The Einsatzgruppen reports (New York, 1989 ), p. 163.
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Mass Murder of Jews in Liepaja, Latvia, 1941
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Mass Murder of Jews in Liepaja, Latvia, 1941
Archival footage of JUDENEXEKUTION IN LIBAU 1941 (Mass Murder of Jews in Liepaja, Latvia, 1941)
Courtesy of Bundesarchiv-Filmarchiv/Transit Film GmbH
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