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ChGK Soviet Reports

The Yad Vashem Archives hold a vast collection of documents amassed by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission (ChGK).

The ChGK report about the murder in gas vans of the Jews from Pyatogorsk City and Pyatigorsk County The ChGK report about the murder in gas vans of the Jews from Pyatogorsk City and Pyatigorsk County GARF 7021-17-3, copy YVA JM/19920

The following report of the ChGK from March 8, 1943 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Pyatigorsk:
From the testimony of Yevdokiya Ostrovenets, who lived in Pyatigorsk during the war years:
I personally saw a vehicle, it was a black and closed one. Russian drivers, who were prisoners of war, called it "the bakery." Before they were killed, the arrestees were forced to undress following the command "strip!". This was heard in the yard [of the house] where I lived. The vehicle approached the door and the arrestees were put into the vehicle through it. The men, women, and children were heard screaming loudly and stamping while the vehicle's engine was on. This lasted seven minutes. At the bottom of the vehicle, according to the driver, a Russian POW, there was a pipe through which the gas was piped into the van. The Gestapo staff whistled loudly during this terrible murder in order to stifle the noise of the victims but their screams and stamping were still heard. After that the vehicle left for 10 minutes, it was quiet inside. This vehicle was driven by Germans……
In October the vehicle brought to the Gestapo yard some Jewish families from Pyatogrsk County, including young children and old people. The group numbered around 20 people. After "the bakery" arrived, these people disappeared….
In November 1942 I also saw a large group of Jews being taken in two vehicles to the prison building. The prison cells were so full of inmates that there was no room for the arrestees who had just been brought there. They were put into the yard, where they spent 24 hours. After that the Gestapo men loaded all the Jews into "the bakery" and drove them away.




The ChGK report that contains some information about the way the bodies of the  Jewish victims gassed in Pyatogorsk were buried The ChGK report that contains some information about the way the bodies of the Jewish victims gassed in Pyatogorsk were buried GARF 7021-17-3, copy YVA JM/19920

The following report of the ChGK from February 13, 1943 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Pyatigorsk:
… After that the Soviet civilians who had been killed were taken from the yard by that same vehicle somewhere out of the cit; they were guarded by 2 or 3 Germans. Residents of Pyatigorsk referred to this vehicle as "the bakery."