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ChGK Soviet Reports

The Yad Vashem Archives hold a vast collection of documents amassed by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission (ChGK).

The ChGK report from Rēzekne The ChGK report from Rēzekne GARF 7021-93-28, copy YVA JM/21222

The following report of the ChGK from October 8, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Rēzekne:
Testimony of Chaim Izraelit, who was born in 1887:
… On July 4, 1941 the German fascists issued an order that all Jews age 18 to 60 had to assemble on the market square. The Jews who came were arrested by policemen and taken to prison…. The jailers knocked out teeth and gouged out eyes of the arrested Jews, pulled gold teeth out of their mouths with pliers and kept them for themselves, broke their hands and committed other, similar atrocities. Every day Jews were taken from the prison and taken to the Jewish cemetery and shot there. They were taken in groups of 40-50 people; blood ran there like water. The blood flowed into a [nearby] stream and was spread by other streams into nearby villages. The peasants asked [the authorities] not to shoot people there [in the Jewish cemetery] so that the water would not be polluted. Then they began to shoot Jews in the Ančupana Hills. On August 3, 1941 local police went through the Jewish houses and apartments, forcing women with children to leave their homes within five minutes. They arranged them into a column and took them to the prison, while women with infants were sent to the building of the old prison (arestantskiy dom) located on Zamkovaya Street. On the next day the Jews were told that all of them would be sent to a camp and that the children and elderly would be taken by truck. However, the trucks took them to the Jewish cemetery, where they were shot….

The ChGK report from Rēzekne The ChGK report from Rēzekne GARF 7021-93-28, copy YVA JM/21222

The following report of the ChGK from October 12, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Rēzekne:
Testimony of Afilina Petrova, who was born in 1884:
… In the summer of 1941 from the window of my home I saw local policemen guarding groups of Jews, 50 people in each group. Two groups of women, the elderly, and children passed. In addition about five trucks loaded with Jews drove by, with about 30 people in each truck. All the Jews were guarded and taken to the area of the Jewish cemetery, where they were all shot….