Moisei Shvartsman was born in 1911 in a village in Vinnitsa Province, Ukraine. From an early age he engaged in Soviet public activity. In the early 1930s he studied at a teachers' seminary in Vinnitsa. After graduation, in 1936 he worked as head of education for the regional executive committee in the town of Tyvrov. He was drafted into the Red Army on June 25, 1941, four days after the outbreak of war. He fought in an intelligence company, operating in the enemy rear, first on the South-West Front and then on the Kalinin Front. In 1943, with the rank of captain, he was commissar of a machine-gun battalion and was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class. In June 1944 in combat near Vitebsk Major Shvartsman personally led his soldiers in an attack on enemy trenches. When his men had to retreat, he prevented them from being surrounded. On June 25, 1944, in a crossing of the Western Dvina River, his unit facilitated the successful crossing of other units. Moisei Svartsman was killed during this battle. On July 22, 1944 he was posthumously named a Hero of the Soviet Union.
Sunday to Wednesday: 08:30-18:00
Thursday: 8:30-20:00 *
* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.
Fridays and Holiday eves: 08:30-14:00
Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.
Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.