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Opening Hours:

Sunday to Thursday: ‬09:00-17:00

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬09:00-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

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The Holocaust of the Krymchaks

Kiril Feferman

Krymchaks were among the most ancient inhabitants of the Crimean Peninsula1.  The first Jews probably arrived there in antiquity. In the Middle Ages, the community was reinforced by Jewish immigrants from the Mediterranean Basin, and later also by a smaller number of Ashkenazi Jews. Thus, the Krymchaks were an offshoot of the Jewish people – and, in terms of religious affiliation, they adhered to full-fledged Rabbinic Judaism. They adopted the local variant of the Tatar language – Judeo-Crimean Tatar as their vernacular, while retaining Hebrew for sacral purposes.

  • 1. On the Krymchaks’ history, see Igor Achkinazi, Krymchaki, Istoriko-etnograficheskii ocherk (Simferopol, 2000) (Russian); Wolf Moskovicz and Boris Tukan, “Edat hakrymchakim: toldoteihem, tarbutam uleshonam,” Pe'amim, 14 (1982), pp. 5–31 (Hebrew); Michael Zand, “Krymchaks,” in Gershon David Hundert, editor-in-chief, The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, vol. 1 (New York: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research; Yale University Press, 2008), pp. 948-951.