After the "Great Deportation" of summer 1942, many Jews in the Warsaw ghetto understood that the Germans intended to liquidate the ghetto, and began to plan their resistance. Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto began during the Aktion of January 1943, and took the Germans completely by surprise. After several armed skirmishes, the Germans began to be more cautious, and arrived at the ghetto armed with heavy artillery. After the resistance of January 1943, there were still skirmishes between Jewish and German forces, in the wake of which the German guards outside the ghetto also changed their modus operandi. They were aware of the smuggling of arms, ammunition and food into the ghetto, but after the January resistance, they interfered far less in ghetto matters, and mostly guarded the ghetto from the outside, not reacting unless they were affected directly.
Sunday to Thursday: 09:00-17:00
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00
Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.
Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.