Holocaust survivors Sarah Yanai and Yossi Mor reunite at Yad Vashem with Melpomeni Dina, one of their wartime rescuers who was recognized by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations
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03 November 2019
Two Holocaust survivors now living in Israel were reunited today with their Greek rescuer in the Hall of Names at Yad Vashem, the World Holocaust Remembrance Center, in Jerusalem. The emotional reunion, initiated by the US-based Jewish Foundation for the Righteous (JFR), took place in the presence of some 40 descendants of the survivors who are alive today because of the heroic actions taken 76 years ago.
Survivors Sarah Yanai (née Mordechai) and Yossi Mor (né Mordechai), were reunited with Melpomeni Dina (née Gianopoulou), one of the people who helped save their lives during the Holocaust. Siblings Sarah and Yossi were born in Veria, Greece, a small town with 600 Jewish residents, located near Thessaloniki. Today, they reside in Ramat Hasharon in central Israel, and Be'er Sheva in the south of the country, respectively.
For almost two years, Sarah (b. 1933) and Yossi (b. 1942), together with their mother Miriam (Mari) and their siblings Asher (b. 1935), Shmuel (b. 1938) and Rachel (b. 1940), were given refuge from their Nazi persecutors and provided for by Melpomeni Dina, along with her sisters, Efthimia and Bithleem (later Sumbasi), as well as members of the Axiopoulos family: Nikos, Petros and Polixeni Axiopoulos, Evlambia Tokatlido (née Axiopoulos) and Makrina Ananiadou (née Axiopoulos). Due to the heroism and sacrifice of both the Gianopoulou and Axiopoulos families, most of the immediate Mordechai family members survived the war.
Efthimia Gianopoulou, Melpomeni's older sister, first met the Mordechai family while studying to become a seamstress with Mari. Since Efthimia was impoverished and orphaned at a young age, Mari did not charge her for the lessons. Efthimia grew close to the Mordechais and visited them regularly, even after they went into hiding aided by the Axiopoulos family. After their hiding place was compromised, Efthimia arranged for them to move to her home in Veria, where she lived with her two younger sisters, 15-year-old Bithleem, and 14-year-old Melpomeni. There, in one room, they accommodated seven members of the Mordechai family.
The three sisters shared their food rations with the Mordechais and sheltered them despite the risk to their own lives. Since food supplies were scarce and very expensive, Bithleem and Melpomeni cultivated a piece of land they owned in a swamp near Yiannitsa, around 40 kilometers from Veria. They would return from working the land, carrying the provisions on their backs for all 10 people.
After Shmuel died at the age of six and the family’s hiding place was discovered by the authorities, the Gianopoulous helped the Mordechais flee to the Vermio mountains, continuing to provide for them until the end of the war.
On 12 April 1994, Yad Vashem recognized Melpomeni Dina as Righteous Among the Nations. Members of the Gianopoulou and Axiopoulos families were recognized a few years earlier in 1989.
“Though we have met many survivors and their rescuers over the years, I never cease to be amazed by the bravery of the thousands of non-Jewish rescuers, the Righteous Among the Nations, who risked their lives and often the lives of their families to save Jews from death during the Holocaust. This year, the reunion took place in Jerusalem at Yad Vashem, with living survivors, their children and grandchildren, all of whom are alive today thanks to the heroism of Melpomeni and her sisters, making the event all the more meaningful. We are eternally grateful for these Righteous Among the Nations, who acted courageously during World War II, and through our work, we hope to share their stories of bravery and compassion.”
JFR Executive Vice President Stanlee Stahl
The JFR continues its work of providing monthly financial assistance to more than 265 aged and needy rescuers living in 18 countries. Since its founding, the JFR has provided more than $40 million to these noble men and women – helping to repay a debt of gratitude on behalf of the Jewish people. The JFR's Holocaust teacher education program has become a standard for teaching the history of the Holocaust, and educating teachers and students about the significance of the Righteous Among the Nations as moral and ethical exemplars.
"Even 75 years after the end of World War II, Yad Vashem receives hundreds of requests each year to recognize non-Jews who risked their lives then to save Jews during the Holocaust. These rescuers are sparks of light during a period of darkness and devastation, and provide a source of inspiration to us all in today's fractured society."
Director of the Righteous Among the Nations Department Dr. Joel Zisenwine
Rescue took many forms, and the Righteous Among the Nations came from different countries, religions and walks of life. To date, Yad Vashem has recognized over 27,000 Righteous Among the Nations, 355 of whom are from Greece.
Yad Vashem, the World Holocaust Remembrance Center, established in 1953 by at the Israeli parliament, (Knesset), is dedicated to Holocaust remembrance, education, documentation and research. Yad Vashem is at the forefront of unceasing efforts to safeguard and impart the memory of the victims and the events of the Shoah period; to document accurately one of the darkest chapters in the history of humanity; and to grapple effectively with the ongoing challenges of keeping the memory of the Holocaust relevant today and for future generations.