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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Thursday: ‬09:00-17:00

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬09:00-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
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The History of the Wiesbaden Jewish Community

The city of Wiesbaden, capital of the federal state of Hessen in central Germany, has been known for its thermal springs since the Roman period. Jews began settling in the city during the 17th century, due to their work in the thermal spring bathing business. With time, the Jewish community in the city developed, and in the 19th century most of the city’s Jews adopted a reformed version of Judaism. During this period the Jewish community in the city split, and the Orthodox Jews established their own separate community.

In the interwar period Wiesbaden was home to many Jewish educational institutions, among them Zionist organizations as well as medical and social welfare associations. In addition, the Jews of Wiesbaden were active participants in the economic, cultural and sporting life of the city.

When the Nazis came to power in Germany, there were 2,700 Jews living in Wiesbaden. During the Nazi regime, the Jews of Wiesbaden continued their educational activities – both general education and Jewish education – as well as their cultural activities, this despite the restrictions imposed upon them by the authorities. The Jews of Wiesbaden responded to the rise of Nazism by increasing the aid provided by the community for Jews who had lost their positions or their businesses, and providing care for the needy, the sick and the elderly. Moreover, counseling services were provided for Jews who sought to leave Germany.

During the November Pogrom ("Kristallnacht") the synagogues of Wiesbaden were destroyed, hundreds of the city’s Jews were arrested and dozens were murdered. At the beginning of World War II, the Jews of Wiesbaden were crowded into “Jewish Houses” in the city. In the spring of 1942 Jews were ordered to mark their doorways with a yellow Star of David, and by June 1942 nearly all of them had been deported to the extermination camps in Poland.

The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden until the 20th Century

The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden until the 20th Century

Historical documents from the 14th century mention the presence of Jews in Wiesbaden, then capital of the Duchy of Nassau. During the 16th century, Jewish families settled in three streets that became known as the “Jewish Alley”. Wiesbaden had been known for its thermal springs as early as the Roman period, and the Jews who came to the city to bathe in the springs for medicinal purposes would lodge in the Jewish Alley, where they could find bath houses and kosher food. At the beginning of the 17th century more Jews arrived in the city, but a few years later all six Jewish families...
The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden at the Beginning of the 20th Century

The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden at the Beginning of the 20th Century

During the first part of the 20th century, the Jewish community of Wiesbaden continued to flourish. A private boarding school for girls was established, as well as an association for the foundation of a Jewish hospital and clinic. The clinic was initially set up in rented rooms, later moving into a designated building purchased using donated funds. Adolf Friedman, one of Theodore Herzl’s assistants, organized Zionist activities in the city. During this period, a welfare office was established in Wiesbaden as an umbrella organization, bringing together all welfare-related activities. Among...
Passover Seder in the home of Helene and Rudolf Schwartz, Wiesbaden, 15 April 1938

The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden from 1933 until the November Pogrom, 1938

In 1933 there were some 2,700 Jews in Wiesbaden, slightly less than 2% of the total population of the city. The Nazis won a higher percentage of the votes in Wiesbaden than the national average. In the March elections of 1933, the Nazis won half of the seats on the Wiesbaden city council.
Jews standing in line in the courtyard of the Orthodox synagogue on Friedrichstrasse, waiting to register. 

The Destruction of the Jewish Community of Wiesbaden

Following the November Pogrom, social welfare work in Wiesbaden was taken over by the Reich's Deputation of the German Jews (Reichsvertretung der Deutschen Juden). Public prayers were held in the Jewish school, which remained undamaged, and later on they were moved to the Orthodox synagogue. In May of 1939, 1,225 Jews remained in Wiesbaden – less than half of the Jews who had lived in the city in 1933 – as well as several hundred people who were designated as Jews by the Nazi racial laws, including people without a religious denomination, converts to Christianity, and first...