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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Thursday: ‬09:00-17:00

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬09:00-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
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The History of the Nadwórna Jewish Community

In the years between World War I and World War II, the city of Nadwórna (today Nadwirna, western Ukraine) was located in southeastern Poland, in the region of Galicia.  There has been a Jewish presence in Nadwórna since the end of the 17th century. From the outset, the Jewish community in the city worked mainly in trade, light industry and craft, serving the city's population as well as the farmers in the surrounding areas. In the 19th century, the Jewish community flourished: the Jews became the majority of the population and conducted multifaceted political, educational and cultural activities. During World War I, the community's economy was damaged. Together with renewed antisemitism after the war's end, this led to a dramatic decrease in the number of Jews in Nadwórna. Establishing welfare institutions, the community endeavored to recover and Zionist activities grew.

With the onset of World War II, the Red Army occupied Nadwórna. During Soviet rule, the educational, cultural and economic activities of the Jewish community suffered. In July 1941, some two weeks after the invasion of the Soviet Union by Germany and its allies, the Hungarians captured Nadwórna. In September, the city passed into the hands of the Germans.

In October 1941, the Germans and the Ukrainian police murdered over 2,000 Jews from Nadwórna in an Aktion in a nearby forest. In April 1942, the remaining Jews of the city were incarcerated in two ghettos, to which more Jews were brought from the surrounding villages. In October and November 1942, the last Jews of Nadwórna were murdered and the community ceased to exist.

Members of the "Achva" training kibbutz at a workshop in Nadwórna before World War II

The Nadwórna Jewish Community before the Holocaust

The Jewish community in Nadwórna began to develop at the end of the seventeenth century, and especially in the eighteenth century. During this time, the city's residents – Jews and non-Jews – provided a range of services to one of the palaces belonging to a family of noblemen named Potocki, which was situated nearby. By the mid-eighteenth century, some 1,000 Jews lived in the city, with an independent religious community and its own rabbi. The Jewish population grew during the nineteenth century and reached about 4,200, some two-thirds of the total population of the city.
The Nadwórna Jewish Community in the Early Years of World War II

The Nadwórna Jewish Community in the Early Years of World War II

At the end of September 1939, the Soviet Union occupied Nadwórna as part of a non-aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the USSR (the Ribbentrop-Molotov Treaty). Many Jewish refugees from Polish areas occupied by the Germans streamed towards Nadwórna. During the period of Soviet rule, Jewish public activities ceased, private trade was liquidated, large factories were nationalized and most of the light industry workers were organized into cooperatives. Members of the anti-Soviet Ukrainian underground murdered a number of Jewish families in the city suspected of collaborating with the communists.
After the Mass Aktion: The Ghetto in Nadwórna and the Liquidation of the Jewish Community

After the Mass Aktion: The Ghetto in Nadwórna and the Liquidation of the Jewish Community

Following the mass Aktion of 6 October 1941, in which more than one-third of the Jews of the city were murdered, the remaining Jews of Nadwórna made desperate attempts to obtain permits categorizing them as "essential workers". Some 600 Jews worked daily at the saw mill. At the same time, young Jews were sent to labor camps in the region.