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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Thursday: ‬09:00-17:00

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬09:00-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

The History of the Dąbrowa Górnicza Jewish Community

Dąbrowa Górnicza (Upper Silesia) was one of two central towns in the Zagłębie Dąbrowskie industrial region in southwest Poland. The town began to develop at the end of the 18th century, following the discovery of coal deposits in the area. During the 19th century, Jews came to the area as tradesmen, bankers and small-industry owners. They soon established a diverse economic, educational, cultural, religious and welfare network.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Jewish community developed, both demographically and culturally. At the same time, Zionist activity in the town began, and increased on the eve of World War II.

With the German invasion and the occupation of Poland, the plunder of Jewish property in the town began, and hundreds of Jews were taken away for forced labor.

A year later, an open ghetto was established in the town. During this period, the Jewish community continued to hold mutual aid, educational and cultural activities.

In August 1942, most of the Jews of the town were deported to Auschwitz. Those remaining were forced into the ghetto, which was now sealed. A year later most of these Jews were also deported to Auschwitz, while hundreds of them were taken to forced labor camps. Approximately 300 Jews from Dąbrowa Górnicza survived the Holocaust in these labor camps.

A bookstore at the corner of Sienkiewicze-Sobieskiego Streets in Dąbrowa Górnicza during Russian rule before World War I

The Dąbrowa Górnicza Jewish Community until the end of World War I

Dąbrowa Górnicza was established during ancient times on the margins of the Roman Empire, and suffered frequent invasions and fires. At the end of the 18th century, coal deposits were discovered in the area, and a coal mine was opened, with the town of Dąbrowa Górnicza alongside it – a small settlement with some 180 residents. Many Jews worked in different branches of trade and light industry, as a result of which they were allowed to reside only in municipal settlements to whose economic activities they could contribute. By order of the mine's administration, a few Jews...
The Dąbrowa Górnicza Jewish Community in the Interwar Years

The Dąbrowa Górnicza Jewish Community in the Interwar Years

In 1921, some 4,300 Jews lived in Dąbrowa Górnicza – a little over ten percent of the population – joined by another 800 Jews in the decade that followed. The Jewish community committee helped fund welfare institutions, an organization to care for the sick and a charitable loaning facility.
The German Occupation and the Establishment of the Ghetto in Dąbrowa Górnicza

The German Occupation and the Establishment of the Ghetto in Dąbrowa Górnicza

On 3 September 1939, the Germans occupied Dąbrowa Górnicza. In the space of a few days, they began kidnapping Jewish men for forced labor or detention. At the end of September, the Jews were compelled to wear an armband bearing a Star of David. On 8 October 1939, the Zaglębie district, including the town of Dąbrowa Górnicza, was annexed to the German Reich as a regional administrative unit called "Eastern Upper Silesia." In November 1939, a Judenrat was established in the town, headed by the merchant Isaac Burstein, subordinate to the Sosnowiec regional Judenrat...
Aktionen in the Dąbrowa Górnicza Ghetto and the Murder of the Ghetto's Jews

Aktionen in the Dąbrowa Górnicza Ghetto and the Murder of the Ghetto's Jews

In May 1942, the Judenrat was ordered to prepare a list of 700 of the ghetto's residents, and they presented themselves in the square facing the Jewish council building. They were permitted to bring ten kilograms of personal luggage as well as food; they were then deported to Auschwitz. During that period, other Jewish forced laborers were conscripted and sent to labor camps in the Breslau region.