• Menu

  • Shop

  • Languages

  • Accessibility
Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Thursday: ‬09:00-17:00

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬09:00-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

Jewish badge from Bulgaria

Distinctive Jewish badge (yellow star button) that the Jews of Bulgaria were forced to wear on their clothing by order of the German authorities.

Jewish badge belonged to Rachel Baruch née Ashkenazi from the city of Varna, Bulgaria.

During the war, Rachel and her parents fled Varna wandering from village  to village within Bulgaria. At the end of the war, her father passed away due to illness, and Rachel and her mother returned to Varna. Rachel resumed her academic studies and married Avraham Baruch. On 18  February 1948 the couple boarded the "Bonim Velohamim"  ship in Yugoslavia that was diverted by the British to the Cyprus detention camps, where they remained until their entry to Israel was permitted.

Rachel Baruch wearing the yellow star button on her clothing, Bulgaria, 1943