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The Nazis and the German Population: A Faustian Deal?

Reviewed by David Bankier

  1. Edward Crankshaw, Gestapo: Instrument of Tyranny (London: Putnam, 1956); Jacques Delarue, Histoire de la Gestapo (Paris: Fayard, 1962); Arnold Roger Manvell, SS and Gestapo: Rule by Terror (London: Macdonald, 1970); Heinz Höhne, The Order of the Death’s Head: The Story of Hitler’s SS (New York: Ballantine, 1977).
  2. Robert Gellately, The Gestapo and German Society: Enforcing Racial Policy 1933-1945 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990) and idem, Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001); Gisela Diewald-Kerkmann, Politische Denunziation im NS-Regime oder die kleine Macht der “Volksgenossen” (Bonn: J.H.W. Dietz, 1995); Gerhard Paul and Klaus Michael Mallmann, eds., Die Gestapo: Mythos und Realität (Darmstadt: Wissenchaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1995) and idem, eds., Die Gestapo im Zweiten Weltkrieg.”Heimatfront” und besetztes Europa (Darmstadt: Primus, 2000).
  3. Hans-Joachim Wolfgang Koch, In the Name of the Volk. Political Justice in Hitler’s Germany (London: Tauris, 1989); Richard J. Evans, Rituals of Retribution. Capital Punishment in Germany 1600-1987 (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).
  4. Gellately, Gestapo and German Society; Christl Wickert, “Popular Attitudes to National Socialist Antisemitism: Denunciations for ‘Insidious Offenses’ and ‘Racial Ignominy’,” in David Bankier, ed., Probing the Depths of German Antisemitism (New York, Oxford, Jerusalem: Beghahn and Yad Vashem, 2000), pp. 282-295; Inge Marssolek, et al., eds., Denunziation. Historische, juristische und psychologische Aspekte (Tübingen: Edition Diskord, 1997).
  5. The Krefeld Gestapo’s Caseload 1933-1939, Table 7.1, p. 285.
  6. Ibid., Outcome of Krefeld Gestapo Cases, by Category of Defendant, 1933-1945, Table 9.1, p. 356.
  7. See, for example, the diaries of Victor Klemperer, I Will Bear Witness: A Diary of the Nazi Years, 1933-1945, 2 vols. (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1998 and 2000); Karl Dürkefälden, “Schreiben, wie es wirklich war,” Aufzeichnungen Karl Dürkefäldens aus den Jahren 1933-1945, Herbert and Sibylle Obenaus, eds. (Hannover: Fackeltraeger, 1985). In regard to the BBC broadcasts, see David Bankier, The Germans and the Final Solution. Public Opinion under Nazism (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995), pp. 113ff; and Jeremy D. Harris, “Broadcasting the Massacres: An Analysis of the BBC’s Contemporary Coverage of the Holocaust,” Yad Vashem Studies, 25 (1996), pp. 65-98.
  8. On attitudes toward Jews in different parts of Germany and the extent of the spread of antisemitism, see Oded Heilbronner, “The Role of Nazi Antisemitism in the Nazi Party's Activity and Propaganda: A Regional Historiographical Study,” Leo Baeck Institute Year Book, 35 (1990), pp. 397-439. For a contrasting approach, see Yaakov Borut, “Antisemitism in Tourist Facilities in Weimar Germany,” Yad Vashem Studies, 28 (2000), pp. 7-50.
  9. Paul and Mallmann, Die Gestapo im Zweiten Weltkrieg.
  10. This possibility is supported by Michael Wildt’s findings on the RSHA. See his Generation des Unbedingten. Das Führungskorps des Reichssicherheitshauptamtes, Habilitation, submitted to the University of Hanover, 2001 (unpublished).