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Thursday: 8:30-20:00 *
* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

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“Operation Reinhard”: Extermintation Camps of Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka

Yitzhak Arad

  1. The so-called "Wannsee Protokoll," original in the Archives of the Foreign Office, Bonn.
  2. Nuremberg Document 4024-PS (covering letter by Globocnik to the report to Himmler of January 5, 1944, concerning the conclusion of "Operation Reinhard”).
  3. Original in the US Documentation Center, Berlin.
  4. The documents do not specify that Wirth's area of command extended also to Kulmhof.
  5. StA Wiesbaden AZ: 8 Js 1145-60 with plentiful evidence (see indictment, p. 329); verdict in the criminal proceedings StA Hamburg AZ: 147 Ks 2/75 of 17.5.1976 (ZSL Misc. vol. 519).
  6. StA Munich I, AZ: 22Js 64-83-61 (AZ. ZSL AR-Z 252/59, vol. Vl, p. 1179).
  7. StA Dortmund AZ: 45 Js 27-61 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 251/59, vol. 9, pp. 1782).
  8. See note 6 (vol. IX, pp. 1681ff).
  9. Ibid., vol. VII, pp. 1288, 1384; vol. VIII, p. 1465.
  10. Verdict of LG Hagen AZ: 11 Ks 1/64, p. 64 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 251/59, vol. 14, p. 2835). 
  11. Gitta Sereny, Into the Darkness, London, 1974 (hereafter — Sereny), pp. 109 f. The British the former ,writer and journalist, Gitta Sereny, had the opportunity to talk to Franz Stangl .commandant of the Treblinka extermination camp, while he was in custody. 
  12. StA Dortmund AZ: 45Js 27-61 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 251/59, vol. 9, pp. 1784 f).
  13. StA Dortmund AZ: 45 Js 27-61 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 251/59, vol. 5, p. 988).
  14. See note 6 (vol. VIl, pp. 1360ff).
  15. StA Munich I, AZ. 22 Js 68/61, pp. 2625f.
  16. See note 6 (vol. VIII, p. 151).
  17. See note 6 (vol. Vlll, pp. 1483 f).
  18. Sereny, pp. 110, 113.
  19. Yad Vashem Archives 0-3/1291, p. 18.
  20. StA Dortmund AZ Js 27/61 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 251/59, vol. 7, pp. 1282, 1308, 1433).45 :
  21. See plan of Sobibor in the appendix.
  22. Verdict of LG Hagen AZ: 11 Ks 1/64 , p. 243 (ZSL: misc. file 209).
  23. Yad Vashem Archives M-2/236, p. 2.
  24. Franciszek Zabecki, Wspomnienia dawne i nowe, Warsaw, 1977, pp. 39 f.
  25. Verdict of LG Dueisseldorf AZ 8 1 Ks 2/64, p. 81.
  26. Yad Vashem Archives 0-3/2140.
  27. StA Munich I, AZ: 22Js 68/61, pp. 2602, 2613.
  28. Rudolf Reder, Belzec , Cracow, 1946, pp. 42 ff.
  29. Verdict of LG Munich I, AZ: 110 Ks 3/64, p. 10.
  30. Jankiel Wiernik, Rok w Treblince, Warsaw, 1944.
  31. StA Dortmund AZ: 45 Js 27/61 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 251/59, vol. 7, p. 1308).
  32. See note 6 (vol. IX, p. 1697).
  33. StA Dueisseldorf, AZ: 8 Js 10904/59 (AZ. ZSL: 208 AR-Z 230/59, vol. 10, pp. 2056R, 2057).
  34. Nuremberg Document 4042-PS.
  35. See note 3.
  36. Yitzhak Arad, Treblinka, Hell and Revolt (Hebrew), Tel Aviv, 1983, pp. 261-265.
  37. Glowna Komisja Badania Zbrodni Hitlerowskich w Polsce, Obozy Hitlerowskie na ziemiach Polskich 1939-1945, Warszawa, 1979, p. 94 (Belzec), p. 462 (Sobibor).