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Opening Hours:

Sunday to Thursday: ‬09:00-17:00

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬09:00-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

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Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, But Not for All: France and the “Alien” Jews, 1933-1942

Reviewed by Raya Cohen

  1. Robert Paxton, La France de Vichy, 1940-1944 (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1973).
  2. Anette Wieviorka, Déportation et Génocide, Entre la mémoire et l’oubli (Paris: Plon, 1992).
  3. Henry Rousso, Le Syndrome de Vichy (1944- 198…) (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1990).
  4. On July 16, 1995, President Chirac, speaking in the name of France, admitted responsibility for the actions of the Vichy government, including the deportation of the Jews to the death camps. As such, Vichy became officially, even if not by universal agreement, an integral part of France, enabling the integration of the Vichy period into the continuity of the French state and society.
  5. A summary in English of some aspects of this affair can be found in Nancy Wood, “Memory on Trial in Contemporary France: The Case of Maurice Papon,” History and Memory 11:1 (1999), pp. 41-76.
  6. During the war Raymond-Raoul Lambert headed the UGIF (Union Generale des Israelites de France), which was founded on November 29, 1941; he was afterward accused of collaborating with the Vichy authorities. See Raymond-Raoul Lambert, Carnet d’un Témoin (1940-1943), introduced and annotated by Richard I. Cohen (Paris: Fayard, 1985).
  7. Philippe Burrin, La France à l’Heure Allemande 1940-1944 (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1995), p. 162.
  8. Lion Feuchtwanger, Le Diable en France (Paris: Belfond, 1996).