Regensburg During the Holocaust
The Regensburg Community During World War II
In 1939, there were still 225 Jews living in Regensburg. Seventy-six of them left the city by the summer of 1942: about half immigrated to the US, Eretz Israel and Britain, and the remainder departed for a variety of destinations, principally in Europe and South America. The Jews who stayed in Regensburg were forced to live in two buildings designated for Jews only, one of them being the senior citizens’ home. They remained there until shortly before the deportations to the East began.
In October 1941, 12 pupils were still attending the local Jewish school. On 2 April 1942, 103 Jews were transferred from Regensburg to Munich. The next day, they were deported to Piaski, in the Lublin district of Poland. Among the deportees was the community Dayan (Judge in matters of Jewish law) Jakow Josef Lewkowitz, who was murdered during the Holocaust. In July 1942, a further eight Jews were deported from Regensburg to the Theresienstadt ghetto, and in September 1942, another 117 Jews, almost all of them senior citizens, were deported to Theresienstadt. One of them was murdered before he had managed to alight the deportation train.
In mid-March 1944, a satellite labor camp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp was opened in the Coloseum Hotel in Regensburg, and some 400 forced laborers were imprisoned there. Amongst them were some 150 Jews that had been deported there from different countries in Europe, mostly from Poland. This camp closed on 22 April 1945, and its inmates were evacuated to the Landshut concentration camp.
On 14 February 1945, the last 14 Jews in Regensburg were deported to the Theresienstadt ghetto. These were Jews who had arrived in Regensburg from 1939 onwards, and were not included in the list of the city’s Jews that had been prepared that year. Half of them came from Lower Bavaria and Upper Pfalz shortly before their deportation. Until then, they had been protected from deportation due to the fact that they were married to Christians.