For 2,000 years, Jews prayed and dreamed of their return to Zion. The affinity to Eretz Israel was expressed in prayer, philosophy, poem and song, in life-cycle events and on Jewish holidays – not in a political or active manner, but by individuals and groups who immigrated to Eretz Israel, and settled there. Others visited and wrote about the Land, and for hundreds of years, there was a consistent, albeit limited, Jewish presence in Eretz Israel.
This exhibition focuses on the longings for Eretz Israel during the years 1933-1948 – from the rise of the Nazi Party to power to the outbreak of World War II, and from the annihilation of European Jewry until the end of the war and the establishment of the State of Israel.
World War II and the Holocaust shook the foundations of the outlooks and worldviews that had developed and existed among the Jewish people, regarding its future. However, even during those terrible times, in the midst of the struggle for life, Eretz Israel held a firm place in the hearts and thoughts of the Jews.
The Holocaust determined the argument among the Jewish people. The different ideologies once running through the Jewish communities collapsed in its wake. The processes promoted by the Zionist movement even before the Shoah, and that were strengthened afterwards, brought about, after a stubborn struggle, the establishment of a Jewish state in the Land of Israel.
- 70X50 cm
- 36X24 inch
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Visual layout of the exhibition