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Yad Vashem The Story of the Jewish Community of Plonsk

Heinrich Schwarzschild

  • Portrait of a Man, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Portrait of a Man, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Willi Speier, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Max Beres, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Dr. Johann Weinberger, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Wilhelm Homburger Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Hugo Baron, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Wilhelm Marburg, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Albert Fuss, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Heinrich Saenger, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943

Born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, in 1889. Perished in the Theresienstadt Ghetto, in May 1943.

Schwarzschild lived in Berlin, whence he was deported to the Theresienstadt Ghetto in March, 1943. During his internment, he made friends with prisoners working in the Ghetto Watch, and particularly with those from the Orientierungsdienst. The duties of the Orientierungsdienst workers were to assist newcomers with finding their barracks and, when necessary, to make sure they had a place to sleep. These activities were initially carried out by internees from Berlin aged 62-75. Later, Czech-speaking women and men joined these duties.

During his internment in Theresienstadt, which lasted less than two months, he drew a number of portraits and several drawings depicting life in the ghetto. The artist mostly memorialized the members of the Orientierungsdienst. The portraits in this exhibition are part of a poems portfolio with drawings and texts dedicated to Dr. Kurt Frey, head of the Ghetto Watch and one of the founders of the Orientierungsdienst. Most of the portraits are signed and dated by the artist. At times, the sitter added his signature.

Yad Vashem holds 16 portraits from this portfolio in its collection.