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Yad Vashem The Story of the Jewish Community of Plonsk

Moritz Müller

Death passes through the Genie Kaserne in silent steps taking in its clutching grasp, the sleeping elderly. Ilse Weber, „Genie Kaserne“, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943,
From: Poems, drawings and documents dedicated to Kurt Frey,
the Head of the Ghetto Watch, at the first anniversary of its establishment,
Yad Vashem Archives, O.64/423
  • Portrait of a Hospital Nurse, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Elderly Man in Hospital Bed, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1944
  • Portrait of an Elderly Man, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1944
  • Portrait of an Elderly Man Wearing Glasses, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • In the Hospital, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1944
  • Michael Lewi Holding a Book, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Hans Kauders from Vienna, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943
  • Markus  Kanthal, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1944
  • Fritz Pollak from Breslau, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1944
  • Lina Kauders from Vienna, Theresienstadt Ghetto, 1943

Born in Liptovský Svätý Mikuláš, Austro-Hungarian Empire, in 1887. Murdered in Auschwitz in October, 1944.

Graduate of the Prague Academy of Fine Arts. After completing his studies, he established a private art school and an auction house. Following the German occupation of Prague in March 1939, the auction house and its contents were confiscated. The German authorities appointed Müller as an appraiser of the seized Jewish property. In July 1943, he was deported to the Theresienstadt Ghetto. Despite being an artist, Müller worked as a nurse in the Urology Department in the Genie Kaserne, directed by Dr. Kurt Weiner. He primarily treated the elderly, most of whom came from Austria and Germany, and suffered from chronic illnesses. Müller drew portraits and documented the dedicated work of the nurses in the department. He completed his last portrait about a month and a half before he was sent to Auschwitz on Transport Em in October 1944.

During the fourteen months of his internment in the ghetto, Müller created some 500 drawings. He entrusted the artworks to a fellow inmate, asking him to give them to his brother, who had escaped to England. Müller was punctilious about drawing patients every day, noting the date, the place and the subject’s name. While he drew, he listened to the annals of the dying patients; this empathy finds expression in his delicate, sensitive drawings.

Most of Müller’s portraits are in the collection of the Terezin Memorial, Czech Republic. Yad Vashem holds 33 of Müller's portraits in its collection.