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Yad Vashem And These are Their Names... Identifying the Death March Victims Buried in a Mass Grave in Poland

A Book of Psalms That Jeno Kahan Took from the Pocket of His Friend Who Died the Day Before Liberation in the Gunskirchen Camp, Austria

Jeno Kahan was born in 1922 in Magyarfrata, Transylvania. In 1930 the family moved to Oradea Mare.

During the war, Jeno was sent to a labor camp in the city of Baia Mare. He was later in Slovakia under Hungarian and then German rule. When the Red Army reached Košice, Jeno was taken to the Sopron region in Hungary when he was put to work digging until Passover 1944. From there he was taken to Mauthausen concentration camp and one week later to Gunskirchen camp where he was liberated on the 4th of May 1945.

Jeno and his friend, a Hungarian Jew whose name he does not recall, were together in Mauthausen and from there on the death march to Gunskirchen. The friend died in Gunskirchen the day before the liberation.

When his friend died, Jeno took the book of Psalms which his friend had kept in his pocket and from which he had prayed every day.

Yad Vashem Artifacts Collection, Gift of Jeno Kahan, San Paulo, Brazil