Würzburg During the Holocaust
The November Pogrom ("Kristallnacht")
The Jews of Würzburg suffered a heavy blow during the November Pogrom ("Kristallnacht"), between the 9th and the 10th of November, 1938. Nearly 1,000 SA militiamen raided Jewish residences throughout the city, robbing their valuables and destroying their contents. Jewish shops were looted and destroyed. Though the synagogue in Würzburg was not set on fire, as it was too close to neighboring buildings, its contents were gutted and burnt. The Torah scrolls disappeared, and later a few charred scrolls resurfaced in the yard of a local resident. The contents of the small synagogue were similarly destroyed.
A group of SA militiamen stormed the old building of the Teachers Seminary. They shook the students out of their beds and tortured them. Egged on by many of the local inhabitants, the SA proceeded to gut the building, destroying whatever utensils and furnishings they could find, uprooting the doors, and breaking the windows. In light of the violence one of the students called the police, who arrived on the scene only to arrest the older students. This act was cheered by the crowd.