Bearing Witness: Stories Behind the Artifacts in the Yad Vashem Museum Collection

The Liberation of Auschwitz

On 27 January 1945, Auschwitz was liberated by the Red Army. By that date, over 1.3 million individuals had been deported there, some 90% of whom were murdered in the gas chambers on arrival. The liberators found thousands of surviving prisoners in the camp, including children.

Illustrated Greeting Card Created in Auschwitz – Mystery Solved?
Illustrated Greeting Card Created in Auschwitz – Mystery Solved?
Shirt Taken by Daisy Caraso from the Auschwitz Storehouses  after the Liberation of the Camp
Shirt Taken by Daisy Caraso from the Auschwitz Storehouses after the Liberation of the Camp
"Precious Items" from Auschwitz Kept by Rivka Mincberg
"Precious Items" from Auschwitz Kept by Rivka Mincberg
From Auschwitz until his Return to Rome - Giuseppe Di Porto's Suitcase and a Detailed Itinerary of his Wanderings
From Auschwitz until his Return to Rome - Giuseppe Di Porto's Suitcase and a Detailed Itinerary of his Wanderings
Sweater Taken by the boy András Brichta, a "Mengele twin", after the German Retreat from the Camp
Sweater Taken by the boy András Brichta, a "Mengele twin", after the German Retreat from the Camp
Wallet Presented to a Red Army Soldier by a Group of Young Girls Liberated from Auschwitz
Wallet Presented to a Red Army Soldier by a Group of Young Girls Liberated from Auschwitz
Diary Written on Forms from the Auschwitz Camp
Diary Written on Forms from the Auschwitz Camp