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The International School for Holocaust Studies

Echoes & Reflections

Lesson 5: The "Final Solution"

In this lesson, you learn about the mobile killing squads, the Nazi extermination camps, and the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.” Below you will find additional information on the material you study in this lesson.

You read an excerpt from Elie Wiesel’s famous book, Night.
For more information about Elie Wiesel, click here. To read excerpts from a speech by Elie Wiesel, click here.

You also meet Itka Zygmuntowicz. Learn about the fate of some of Itka's family members by clicking on the pages of testimony identified with .

Itka Zygmuntowicz Family tree

In this lesson, you study a painting by Zinovii Tolkatchev. For more information about this artist and his drawings after the liberation of extermination camps in Eastern Europe, click here.

You examine a number of photographs taken at Auschwitz-Birkenau in May 1944. For more information about this photo collection and the album from where these photographs were taken, click here.

Judith Becker In this lesson, you meet Judith Becker. Learn about Judith's experiences in the extermination camps by reading the testimonies below:

  • Judith Becker talks about arriving at Majdanek, click here
  • Judith Becker talks about surviving the gas chamber, click here.
  • Judith Becker talks about prohibitions in Auschwitz-Birkenau, click here.
  • Judith Becker talks about survival in Plaszow, click here.
  • Judith Becker talks about being tattooed in Auschwitz-Birkenau, click here.
  • Judith Becker talks about obtaining shoes during a Death March, click here.

More about the"Final Solution" is available by clicking the following links:

Key Words
Historical Background
Online Exhibitions
Diaries and Letters

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Echoes & Reflections - A Multimedia Curriculum on the Holocaust
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