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The International School for Holocaust Studies

Echoes & Reflections

Lesson 3: Nazi Germany

In this lesson, you learn about the Weimar Republic’s fragile democracy between 1918-1933 and examine historical events that allowed for the complete breakdown of democracy in the Third Reich between 1933 and 1939. You also investigate primary source materials to better understand how legislation, terror, and propaganda isolated Jews from German society.

More information about Nazi Germany during the 1930s

In this lesson, you meet Frank Shurman, formerly (Schuermann). Learn about the fate of Frank's uncle, aunt, and cousins during the Holocaust.

Franck ShurmanFamily tree

In this lesson, you also meet Esther Clifford. Learn about the fate of some members of Esther's family during the Holocaust by clicking on the pages of testimony identified with .

Esther CliffordFamily tree

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Echoes & Reflections - A Multimedia Curriculum on the Holocaust
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