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Mglin

Mglin, Mglin County, Orel District, USSR (today Russia)

To enlarge the map click here Former mikvah in Mglin. Photo by Vitaliy Cherentsov, 2010 Former mikvah in Mglin. Photo by Vitaliy Cherentsov, 2010 Courtesy of Vitaliy Cherentsov

Jewish settlement in Mglin dates to the beginning of the 19th century. In 1897 Mglin's 2,674 Jews comprised 35 per cent of the total population. During the tsarist period the Jews of Mglin suffered a pogrom in 1882. At the end of 1918 Red Army soldiers perpetuated a pogrom in Mglin, during which 15 Jews were murdered, others were wounded, and Jewish houses were looted. Only 726 Jews were living in the town in 1939, when they constituted about 10 per cent of the total population. Mglin was occupied by the Germans on August 18, 1941. In January 1942 all the local Jews were taken to the Mglin jail, where they were kept in terrible conditions until March, 1942. On March 2, 1942 those Jews who had remained alive were shot in the public garden. The town was liberated by the Red Army on September 22, 1943.