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Sudak

Sudak, Sudak County, Crimean ASSR (today Autonomous Republic of Crimea) District, Russia (today Ukraine)

To enlarge the map click here Entrance to modern Sudak
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Photo by Mikhail Tyaglyy, 2011 Entrance to modern Sudak
Photo by Mikhail Tyaglyy, 2011
The International Institute for Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem

A Jewish community already existed in the town in the 10th century, when it was called Soghudag. The modern community was probably founded in the late 19th century. In 1939 the Jewish population of Sudak was 58 (of a total of 3,246 residents). In the whole county there were 79 Jews. About 30-40 Jews managed to leave Sudak and the surrounding area before the German occupation.
After the arrival of the German and Romanian troops on November 2, 1941, the Jews of the town had to register and to wear a white Star of David on their chests and backs and to hand over all their valuables to the Germans. A few Jews were murdered during the very first days of the occupation. On February 13, 1942 25 Jews were murdered in the town. Apparently around this time groups of Jews from the area, including women, children, and the elderly, were murdered on the outskirts of the town and nearby. In the course of the first half of 1942 the Jews who had gone into hiding (mainly children) were hunted down with the assistance of the local auxiliary police and were murdered.
Sudak was liberated by the Red Army on April 14, 1944.