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ChGK Soviet Reports

The Yad Vashem Archives hold a vast collection of documents amassed by the Soviet Extraordinary State Commission (ChGK).

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/1993

The following report of the ChGK from May, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
…The third and the largest atrocity took place in mid-January 1942. This was a massacre committed against 468 Krymchaks. The [killing] was carried out as follows: on January 17-18, early in the morning, near every house where a Krymchak family was living two armed persons were posted, one - a Romanian soldier and the other a Tartar [belonging to the auxiliary police]. Afterwards, the Germans came to these houses and took the Krymchak families to a collection point on Ananyevskaya Street, where a covered black truck was waiting. The Krymchaks were taken in small groups to the truck and were seated inside by the open back doors [of the truck] after they had mounted [the truck] via a lowered ladder. After the loading the doors of the truck were closed and the truck headed in an unknown direction. A second truck was waiting on Sadovaya Street, where the same thing was taking place, i. e., the loading of Krymchaks. When these two special trucks that were used by the Germans in their massacre of the Krymchaks started to move, gas began to enter the [body of the] truck where the arrested people [Krymchaks] were, and they began dying [of asphyxiation].… The belongings left behind by the murdered [Ashkenazi] Jews and Krymchaks were taken by truck to the SD [headquarters] … the best of the possessions were taken by the Germans themselves, the others were divided among the members of the auxiliary police and their families.

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/19913

The following report of the ChGK from October 6, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
From the testimony of Ivan Makarov, who was born in 1894:
… During the occupation of Karasubazar I was living on the outskirts of the town, near the road to Mariano sovkhoz…. About 200-300 meters from the [illegible] there was an anti-tank trench about 2.5 meters deep and 6 meters wide; from about 27 December 1941[sic], covered black trucks continued to drive up to this trench. I was curious and began to watch closely. I saw that these trucks were bringing people who were already dead, who were then unloaded and thrown into the trench. After the unloading sub-machine gun shooting was heard. Subsequently I learned that these trucks were called gas vans. The trucks were going back and forth, especially on December 27 and 28, 1941 [sic]. I noted that the trucks were making up to 12 trips each day, which means that in the course of two days they made a total of 96 trips. If about 50 people of all ages could fit into the truck, in the course of these two days about 480, including children, were asphyxiated and finished off at the anti-tank trench. I saw with my own eyes how the children up to one year old were thrown out of the body of the truck. I remember one awful night when one black truck approached the site before dusk and unloaded the bodies; there was no shooting. But on the night of December 27-28 a few [of the victims] recovered consciousness, these poor ones began screaming and tried to climb out of the trench and to crawl through the field. The Germans and Romanians appeared and began shooting the people and throwing them [their bodies] into the pits….

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/19913

The following report of the ChGK from October 6, 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
From the testimony of Semyon Plakhti, who was born in 1892 and lived near Karasubazar during the German-Rumanian occupation:
… I also know [since] I was told and also saw with my own eyes how in January 1942 the Germans put Krymchaks into gas vans and drove them outside the town but I don't know in which direction. Though I don't know the number of those who were murdered, I do know that the body of the van could hold at least 50 people. A German captain, I don't know his name, and his adjutant named Erren told me that by shooting Soviet civilians they were doing a good and useful deed, and that Hitler was paying them monthly - 8,000 rubles to the officer and 4,000 rubles to the adjutant.…

The ChGK report from Karasubazar The ChGK report from Karasubazar GARF 7021-9-80, copy YVA JM/19913

The following report of the ChGK from 1944 contains a description of the mass murder of the Jews in Karasubazar:
From the testimony of Barkir Smolsky
… The third and the largest atrocity took place in mid January 1942, this was the massacre of 468 Krymchaks…. When I woke up early in the morning of January 17 or 18, I noted that near the Krymchak's house located in the yard where I was living, were standing two persons with rifles, one of them was a Romanian soldier and the other a Tartar [about 3 weeks before this his family had moved… to another apartment that was located on Ananyevskaya Street. Shortly after I saw the above-mentioned people, 3 Germans came and took this person named Lekhno out of his apartment and posted a sheet of paper on the apartment door stating that entry was forbidden. Half an hour later, since I didn't understand what was going on, I went to work. When I approached the gendarmerie building, I noticed a black covered truck standing not far away, on Ananyevskaya Street. A small group of Krymchaks was taken to this truck and was made to sit down [after they entered] through the back doors of the truck, [and mounted] a lowered ladder. After the loading the doors of the truck were closed and the truck started driving to an unknown destination. The second truck, as I learned later, was parked on Sadovaya Street, where the same think was taking place, i. e., the loading of Krymchaks. I was standing with my assistant Yelshevich and with someone else from the Gendarmerie, Statsenko, near the gendarmerie building and observing the event from far away. Until that moment no one knew what was going on and we could only guess. Only Germans were stationed near the trucks, the Russian police did not take any part in arresting, guarding, or accompanying the victims. About the specific employment of the trucks used by the Germans to massacre the Krymchaks I learned only later from the SD translator Yakob, who told me that when the trucks started to move, gas entered the body of the truck, where those arrested had been put. The Germans considered this method of murder to be a humane one....
Audio
Yakov Mangupli, the last Krymchak of Belogorsk (Karasubazar) who was born in Belogorsk in 1954, recounts about the murder of the Krymchak Jews
To listen - click here
Yakov Mangupli, the last Krymchak of Belogorsk (Karasubazar) who was born in Belogorsk in 1954, recounts about the murder of the Krymchak Jews
Interview by Mikhail Tyaglyy, 2011
The International Institute for Holocaust Research at Yad Vashem