Efim Berezovskii was born in 1913 into a poor Jewish family in the town of Savran, Ukraine. At a very early age Efim lost both parents and became a street child. At 10 he began working at a factory in Donbass Region, while at the same time pursing an elementary and then professional education. In 1935 Efim Berezovskii was drafted into the Red Army, serving in an artillery regiment until 1937. In 1938 he began working on the Donetsk railroad, first as an electrician, then as an electrical engineer. In June 1941 he graduated from the Moscow railway school.
After the outbreak of war on June 22, 1941, Berezovskii joined the Red Army. As a commander of the intelligence department of the Artillery Regiment of an infantry division Berezovskii fought on the Briansk Front, taking part in the Moscow counter-offensive. In the same year he received the Order For Valor. In the battle of Stalingrad (August 1942 - February 1943) Lieutenant Berezovskii was the commander of an artillery battery of the Voronezh Front. During the battle for Kursk (July 1943) the battery under his command destroyed several German "Tiger" tanks and inflicted heavy losses on the German troops. In January 1944, for participation in the Second Kiev Offensive (October-November 1943), Efim Berezovskii was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. The article “Efim Berezovskii, Dnieper [River] Hero” by Major Aron Toker, prepared by Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee apparently in 1944, describes these events. He participated in the liberation of southwest Ukraine and of Romania and ended the war near Vienna. Efim Berezovskii participated in the victory parade on Red Square on June 24, 1945 with troops from the 2nd Ukrainian Front. During the course of the war Berezovskii had also be decorated also with the orders of The Red Banner, The Red Star, and of Alexander Nevsky.
In an interview given in the early 2000s Berezovskii stated that even though he was a Jew, during the war he didn't sense any difference between the soldiers of the various Soviet nationalities.
In 1946, at his request, Berezovskii was demobilized. He returned to help repair the Iasinovataia railroad station, which had been destroyed by the Germans. In 1949 he graduated from the Leningrad Institute of Railway Engineering and then was appointed head of the Signal and Communication Division in Belgorod and, later, in Lozovaia, Kharkov County and, finally in the southern Ukraine. Berezovksii subsequently settled in Moscow, where he was assistant head of the electromechanical factories complex until 1987.
Efim Berezovskii died in Moscow in 2011.