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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: ‬08:30-18:00
Thursday: 8:30-20:00 *
* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬08:30-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

1945: Nakhman Dushanskii's cooperation with the "Brikha" organization.

"Q. How did it come to pass that the famous 'wolfhound of the NKVD' – then still known as Captain Dushanskii, a devout internationalist communist of the prewar generation –suddenly decided to engage in such activities, in contravention of contemporary Soviet laws?

A. I am forced to repeat myself, because I have already told you that, after the war, while serving in the state security organs, I continued to regard myself primarily as a Jew, and only secondly as a GB [state security] officer and communist. I clearly realized this for the first time in the summer of 1944, as I was standing at the Ninth Fort in Kaunas, in which tens of thousands of Lithuanian Jews and Russian prisoners of war had been killed, when I learned that only one out of twenty Lithuanian Jews had survived. And I swore to myself that I would take revenge on these hangmen and executioners, until I have destroyed – or, at least, captured – all of them, down to the last vermin… Yes, there were cases when I had to disregard all laws and orders to save my co-religionists, and not only them.

Here is an example… In November 1945, on the eve of the [Lithuanian] Catholic holiday of Vėlinės, a covered Studebaker truck was stopped close to the Lithuanian-Polish border. It was filled with 57 Jews from Kaunas, survivors of the ghetto and the war. They were trying to cross into Poland, hoping to get to Palestine by a well-tried route. The driver, a Lithuanian, 'handed them over' in advance, and the car was detained following his tip…

When I came back to the office, I could not understand what was going on: The whole staircase was crammed with Jews, and there were guards posted downstairs and on the flights. And then I saw a familiar face: it was my former neighbor, with her husband and three children sitting on the steps next to her. She recognized me and whispered: 'Nakhman, save us'. <…> And they quickly explained everything to me, and the officer on duty at the office said that they had been detained during an illegal attempt to cross the border, and were now waiting for the arrival of the prosecutor and the investigator. <…> The local prosecutor was Ivan Iuzhnyi, himself a 'crypto-Jew'… I addressed them in Yiddish: 'Listen to me and remember what you have to tell the investigator. You were not going to cross the state border, you simply drove from Kaunas to the border for one day to celebrate Vėlinės, intending to visit the graves of loved ones and show your children to your Polish relatives!'. Now it was necessary to get the prosecutor 'on board'. <…> I quickly found Colonel Iuzhnyi. He understood everything and immediately gave the order: 'Women and children! March out of here!' He left 11 people, all men, took them into a room, and once again explained what they ought to say during the investigation. The investigator Linev came in, and we – Iuzhnyi and me – told him: 'We are filing their case under Article 74 of the Criminal Code of 1926 – i.e. 'staying in the border zone without a permit', and Linev did not object. The judge sentenced all eleven to 6 months in the camps, and they were sent to Pravieniškės [in Lithuania], but I saved them from the 58th article [treason against the Motherland].

Another incident occurred during the first post-war deportation from Lithuania in the summer of 1945. It was the [ethnic] Germans of Lithuania and Memel… who were to be deported to the Krasnoiarsk Region [Eastern Siberia]… In Kaunas, there were 600 people. … I came home from work and saw my wife, a medical student, sobbing with two of her fellow students. They used to do their homework together, and now one of the four girls was missing… I asked my wife: 'And where is Nadia? What's happened?' – 'Don't you know? She has been detained with her family at Daukše 7, and is to be deported to Siberia; they are German' – 'How can they be German? She was in the ghetto! Her last name is 100% Jewish!' – 'Her mother is German, so they are to be deported'. I took along two [Lithuanian] comrades … and we, uniformed and armed with tommy guns, drove to the railway station. The whole station was surrounded by the police and troops of the NKVD, but we showed our [GB] IDs, which stated that no one had the right to detain us, and I found Nadia's family in one of the freight cars onto which the deportees from Kaunas had been loaded. I brought the whole family out and took them with me. Suddenly, we were approached by some major with an armed retinue: 'By what right!?' – 'By this right. The Anti-Banditry Department. We are taking them under our responsibility!' I wrote him a permit for 4 people, put the whole family in the car, and drove them back to their home, only to find that their apartment had already been completely looted by their Lithuanian neighbors... I told them – 'Leave for Vilnius. Contact a certain person at the synagogue (I gave them his name), he will help you'. I gave them the name of someone who had direct access to the Brikha organization, which sent people to the British Mandate of Palestine… I had been told about the underground Brikha organization by my comrades - Jews who had known me back in Šiauliai, with whom I had grown up, and who had survived by joining partisan units or fighting at the front".https://iremember.ru/memoirs/nkvd-i-smersh/dushanskiy-nakhman-noakhovich/