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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: ‬08:30-18:00
Thursday: 8:30-20:00 *
* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Fridays and Holiday eves: ‬08:30-14:00

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

Entrance to the Holocaust History Museum is not permitted for children under the age of 10. Babies in strollers or carriers will not be permitted to enter.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

Efim Golbraikh on Antisemitism in the Army

Only once, in 1943, did I ask the commander of my regiment what was being down with regards to the Order of the Red Banner, for which I had been recommended, but I did not get an answer. Later, things became clear. We had a clerk at the regimental headquarters, a certain Pisarenko (there was a perfect match between his duties as a clerk [pisar' in Russian] and his last name): he destroyed the document discussing the prospect of my award, because my [Jewish] last name displeased him. He later sent me a letter while I was in hospital, where he expressed remorse and asked my forgiveness…

What does it matter now whether they gave it to me or not. Jews were often passed over for awards: I know of many cases similar to my own. Do you want documentary proof of this? I can give you as many examples as you like: the tank crew members Mindlin, Fishel'son, and Pergamenshchik; the infantry battalion commander Rapoport; the fliers Nikhomin and Rapoport; the partisan Berenshtein, and the marine Leibovich, [all of] whom were recommended for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union three times during the war, but never received this honor. In the infantry, unlike the tank or artillery units, antisemitism was entrenched, overt, and rampant. And one shouldn't forget another important detail – I was the son of "an enemy of the people." It said so in my personal officers' file. Take, for instance, Grigorii Pozhenian, who was twice nominated for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, but did not receive that honor. His personal file had a subscript in red pencil, to the effect that his mother was a Jew, while his father was "an enemy of the people." Back then, such an annotation was no laughing matter."https://iremember.ru/memoirs/pekhotintsi/golbraykh-efim-abelevich