At the end of the war, after Shister had put three enemy tanks out of action, he was recommended for a military order but did not receive it. In his 2008 interview he explained why:
"When, after I had destroyed three tanks, toward the end of the war I was recommended to receive a military order and my citation for the award came for the signature of the chief of staff of the brigade. After reading aloud my name and the "fifth item" [the indication of ethnicity, i.e., that Shister was Jewish] he said: "This one will get along withoutit." The zampolit (deputy commander for political matters), who stood beside of the head of the staff, did not object [to this decision]. It seems to me that, as a zampolit, he was supposed to utter the Party slogan, something like 'all are equal in our country' ..."
"[In 1944,] reinforcements arrived [at the regiment], all of us were born in 1926. We were sitting in a wide circle around the fire and one sergeant, from the new ones [reinforcements], said to me with a smirk: "All of your kin occupied Tashkent [in Central Asia, i.e. far from the frontlines], and you are the only fool who is sticking at the front." Before I could think of what to reply, my friend the Kuban Cossack Volodya Tekushin pulled this sergeant aside and said 'Let's have a talk'. A moment later, the sergeant returned and apologized to me. I said to him "It's all right, my fellow countryman. Forget it, but you'd better hold your tongue, because – take a look – [the Jews] Shakhnovich and Troianker are sitting opposite you, and if you say such a thing to them, they will make short shrift of you." Then Vania Ivanov, our Tatar [by ethnicity], who was given his Russian first and last names in an orphanage, comes up and says to the sergeant: 'If you are dare utter some a hooey like that once more ...' ."