• Menu

  • Visiting

  • Shop

  • Languages

  • Accessibility
Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

From the interview given by Matvei Gershman in Israel in 2016, http://iremember.ru/memoirs/pulemetchiki/gershman-matvey-lvovich/

"On July 24 [1944] we approached Lublin. [… O]ur division was immediately sent to liberate the Majdanek death camp. The crematorium furnaces were still smoldering. We liberated a total of 1,200 prisoners, those whom the Germans did not have time to finish off. There were thousands of corpses ... The barracks were long and painted green. There were warehouses of clothes, hair, chemicals ... Skeletons covered with skin lay on the ground [...] I looked at this whole nightmare, and thought about my family, from July 1941. I did not know what happened to them, whether they were alive or had perished in a ghetto. Three days before the liberation of the concentration camp, we captured a Vlasovite [soldier of the collaborationist Russian army that fought on the German side]. As a rule, we finished them off on the spot.  This one was a very young lad. I said the soldiers: "Take him prisoner but don't harm him..." When I found myself standing near one of the crematoriums, I regretted my benevolence. About two days later we scoured the camp and its surroundings and finished off any SS guards [we found]."

……"I did not encounter any outright antisemitism. I had a comrade who liked to say as if he were joking: 'Matvei, you are the only Jew sitting in the trenches'. I immediately began to boil and said 'Take a look around. Next to us there is the regimental battery commanded by [the Jew] Kaufman, there is a platoon commander in our battalion named Katz, and a gunner named Berman, if I remember his name correctly. My comrade shook with laughter, satisfied that he had gotten my goat. But I don't recall any time when I was discriminated against in the army because of my point five [ethnicity as listed in Soviet identity papers]. Perhaps when it was out of my hearing, someone said [something derogatory], but in my presence - never. Most of the soldiers were Slavs, and there were always many soldiers from the Central Asian republics in the infantry. There were also many Tatars and Bashkirs ... On the frontlines no one cared about your religion, nationality, etc. Besides, we didn't have any time to talk about such things. We just thought about surviving until the next morning and about a rye rusk and a pot of concentrated pea soup."