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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

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Aron Kushnirov's speech at the second meeting of representatives of the Jewish people, 1942

From the text prepared by Aron Kushnirov for delivery at the second meeting of representatives of the Jewish people on May 24, 1942 in Moscow. Although his text had been, of course, subjected to ideological censorship, Kushnirov stressed the role of Jews in the war and the appreciation of their deeds by non-Jewish comrades in arms:

"I have come from the front, where the heroic Red Army with a fiery broom is sweeping the fascist filth from the Soviet land. Eleven months ago, I, a Yiddish poet, together with many other poets and writers, Jewish, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian and Georgian, I volunteered to fight for our Soviet homeland. With rifle in hand, we did not abandon our weapon the pen. We dealt the enemy blows with both our bayonets and our pens….

My brother Sergeant Vekselman! I remember your oath – to fight for Moscow to your last drop of blood. Together with the fighters of your unit, Russians and Tatars, not sparing your life, you carried out your oath to the very end. The German tanks did not pass where you opposed them with your chest.

Glorious son of our people Major Zalman Osherov! [He was killed on March 14, 1942.] Only a few days ago I stood before your grave right near the front lines. For the triumph and victory of our homeland you selflessly gave up your 40-year old life. And your fellow fighters – brave, distinguished Russian artillery men, adorned your grave with the first spring flowers and swore over your grave to beat the fascist monster until it is completely destroyed.

And you, my friend and comrade in our heroic division, battalion commissar Leibovich! Of course you felt national pride for the respect which you earned by your valor and dauntlessness in combat…."

From: GARF 8114-1-1125, copy JM/26340.