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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
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Memoir of Nikolai Starshinov about Tsezar Kunikov

Nikolai Starshinov, who himself later became a Hero of the Soviet Union, and was assistant commander for political matters of a special unit of marines, recalls his first meeting with Kunikov just before the operation in Novorossiisk in the spring of 1943:

"there was nothing military in his appearance, although immediately after I heard his name, I began to look him over with shameless, childish curiosity. What did I realize? Probably, that often the deeds of a hero do not coincide with his external appearance. If you judge from the point of view of a photograph, Kunikov's portrait was not complicated: there was not a single martial feature, everything was soft. I admit that I began to feel disappointed. First impressions tend to dominate and in most cases they recall a distorted mirror. Considerable time tends to pass before that mistaken impression ceased to dominate me since Kunikov turned out to be a person who did not reveal himself immediately to those around him. This did not at all mean that he was secretive or unsociable. On the contrary, I have rarely met a more sociable, companionable, or soulful person and his fighters particularly adored him for this. Every day he simply revealed to us a new detail for what, one might call, a psychological portrait of our new commander."

From: GARF 8114-1-264, copy YVA JM/26177.