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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

Major Kogan's Letter to His Sister Miriam Kogan

Immediately after the liberation of Odessa by the Red Army, Major Kogan sent a letter to his sister Miriam about the fate of their relatives and friends under the German occupation:

"April 11, 1944
Please accept my congratulations in regard to the liberation of our city! Our dreams have come true at last!… I was fortunate enough to visit the city on the second day after liberation…. The opera theatre is intact…. This is all very good news, but there are many tragic things that took place in Odessa, which, as painful as it may be, I am obligated to share with you. In Moldovanka, Usatovo, Dolnik, and Nerubaiskoe, the enemy shot close to 1,000 [Jewish] women and children as he was retreating. I saw one ditch close to the brick factory through a crack in the wall - it was a horrible sight…many women and children who hadn't managed to hide in the quarry in time [were discovered and killed].… Now, moving on to Uncle Sioma and his family. It is difficult to say this but it seems that they are no longer alive…their house is intact. I spoke to their old neighbors who told me that the Frenkel family had left, but uncle [Sioma] did not want to, saying that, in the past, the Germans did not do much harm, so they wouldn't do much now. And so, they paid the price. A lot of Jews were driven … to the outskirts, to the 'Ghetto' and in November 1941 [sic for early 1942], many of them, starving and undressed, were taken to all sorts of places [in the Romanian occupied area of Transnistria]; only 5-10 percent of them returned. Our poor family was taken in the direction of Western Berezovka. One of Murochka's friends came to me to tell me that [Murochka] died…. That is our fate and that of Misha's wife and many others. Very few were spared…."

From: The Blavatnik Archive Foundation