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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

Article by Semion Grutman Sent to Ilya Ehrenburg

In the article he sent to Ilya Ehrenburg on December 2, 1944 Semion Grutman tried to speak in general about the feelings of Red Army personnel, both Jews and non-Jews, relating to members of their family who had been killed by the Nazis:

"… Can Lady Gibb understand, feel the pain of fighters of the Red Army who, when liberating their towns, return to their native places and return 'home' after the war no finding or ever to find their families who were shot by the Germans.

'Home!' … Can one call home a pile of ruins in the place where you were born, spent your childhood, where your children played, where your mother and father lived, or call home the place where all the apartments are deserted and where all their 200, 300, or 500 people were shot and now a German woman lives there, a quisling? Can one return to those places which at every step recalls all that is dear, one's own? And what about the hundreds of thousands of such fighters and commanders who have been orphaned, in whose families the Hitlerites murdered 5-10 people!

Where can I seek shelter? Who and what waits for me after the war? Can I return 'home' to Odessa or to Kowel? Wouldn't it be better to die on the field of battle and to take with me into the grave dozens, hundreds of fritzes than to live and to suffer such losses, such pain all my life?

Can anything stop us in our common resolution to destroy and take revenge on the Germans?

I request that you also ask the Kowel city council to take measures to preserve the writings in Kowel's Great Synagogue in memory of our dear ones…. [Soon thereafter the walls in the synagogue were whitewashed by order of the local authorities; a sewing factory is now located in the building.]"

From: GARF 8114-1-960, copy YVA JM/26312.