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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

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From the diary of Moisei Sosner

During the war, Itsik Fefer, an assistant editor-in-chief of the newspaper Eynikayt called for Jewish front-line fighters to send materials about Jewish participation in the war effort for publication on the pages of the newspaper. In November 1944, in response to Fefer's call, Sosner sent three excerpts from his diary. The following is taken from this diary:

Written on April 6, 1944, in the Western Ukraine (formerly Poland):

"Our battalion is marching in the direction of Kamień Koszyrski, near Kowel... Children and one woman have come out of their houses.  Standing close to us, they want to talk with [us] Red Army soldiers. A kid of perhaps 12 or 13  is looking on me, but he cannot find a way to begin. I break the silence first, asking: "What is your name, boy?" The kid answers: ""Ivan Bondarchuk." I feel that his answer is false and dictated by fear. Instinctively, I feel that he was Jewish. I call him aside and, in a low voice, ask him in Yiddish: "Are you a Jew?" "Yes!" the pretend Ivan Bondarchuk replies with joy. – "Are you a Jew too?"  the kid asks incredulously."

The boy (whose real name was Samuil Iunovich) invited Sosner to the house where his four sisters and cousins were living.

"At this point, I ignored the strict order banning our entering the houses of the local population," wrote Sosner in his diary. He entered the house – not only despite the order, but also despite the fact that some members of this family there were suffering from typhus. The Iunovich family, which had lived in the town of Ratno before the war, was saved by the Ukrainian peasant Sergei Pinkevich, who decided to hide in his village several Jews - the projectionist from the local movie house, a doctor, and the Iunovichs. Young Samuil also told Sosner how his small brother Itsik and his mother were killed. "Although I tried not to, I cried together with the rest of this family, weeping and mourning" – wrote Sosner. – … When I left them, I shook [Samuil's] hand and said that the Red Army would exact revenge for the blood and tears of the innocent people, as would our Allies… I vowed that I wouldn't forget Itsik Iunovich until I myself was swallowed by the grave." It should be noted that Sosner's diary was sprinkled  with citations from the Bible.

From: GARF 8114-1-64, copy YVA JM/26098.