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Visiting Info
Opening Hours:

Sunday to Wednesday: 09:00-17:00
Thursday: 9:00-20:00 *
Fridays and Holiday eves: 09:00-14:00.

Yad Vashem is closed on Saturdays and all Jewish Holidays.

* The Holocaust History Museum, Museum of Holocaust Art, Exhibitions Pavilion and Synagogue are open until 20:00. All other sites close at 17:00.

Drive to Yad Vashem:
For more Visiting Information click here

Liberation and Survival

  1. Chamberlin, Brewster and Feldman, Marcia, The Liberation of the Nazi Concentration Camps 1945: Eyewitness Accounts of the Liberators, United States Holocaust Memorial Council, Washington D.C., 1987, pp. 75-76. 
  2. Ibid., p. 103.
  3. Kleiman Yehudit and Springer-Aharoni Nina, The Anguish of Liberation, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem 1995, p. 35.
  4. Anita Shapira and Irit Keynan, “The Survivors of the Holocaust”, orig. in “Return to Life: The Holocaust Survivors – From Liberation to Rehabilitation”, Beth Hatefutsoth, Ghetto Fighters’ House and Yad Vashem, Haifa 1995, pp. 35-47.
  5. Zerach Warhaftig, Uprooted, Institute of Jewish Affairs of the American Jewish Congress and World Jewish Congress, New York, 1946, p. 52. 
  6. Testimony of Yitzchak Zuckerman, recorded at the Council of the United Kibbutz Movement on 9-10 May 1947. Published in: Zuckerman, Yitzchak, The Exodus from Poland , Ghetto Fighters’ House, United Kibbutz Movement Press, pp. 13-16 (Hebrew).
  7. Kleiman, Yehudit and Shpringer-Aharoni, Nina (eds.), The Pain of Liberation, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1995, p. 40. 
  8. Ibid., p. 45.
  9. Ibid., p. 47.
  10. Ibid., p. 53.
  11. Testimony of Shoshana Stark, Yad Vashem Archive 03/4337, pp. 19-20 (Hebrew).
  12. Israel Ring (Ed.), How Embers Survived [Hebrew], Moreshet and Ein Hamifratz, Kibbutz 1995, p. 130.
  13. Yad Vashem Archives, 0.3, V.T/135.
  14. Avni, Chaim, With the Jews in the DP Camps, Impressions from a Mission in 1945-1947 [Hebrew], Chaverim, 1981, pp. 32-35.
  15. Michael Berenbaum, The World Must Know, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1993, p. 208. 
  16. Hagit Lavsky, New Beginnings: Holocaust Survivors in Bergen-Belsen and the British Zone in Germany, 1945-1950, Wayne University State Press, Detroit, 2002, p. 150.
  17. Testimony of Eliezer Adler, Yad Vashem Archive, 03/5426, pp. 41-42 (Hebrew).
  18. Abba Kovner, Mishelo ve-‘alav, Moreshet and Sifriyat Hapoalim, 1988, pp. 40-41 [Hebrew]. 
  19. Yad Vashem Archive 03/6921, pp. 40-43 [Hebrew]. 
  20. Yad Vashem Archives 0.3/10333.