Suzanne Spaak

France

Suzanne Spaak lived in Paris with her husband Claude, a filmmaker, and their two children. She found great fulfillment in raising her family. Spaak, as the daughter of a famous Belgian banker and sister-in-law of the Belgian foreign minister, was accustomed to a high standard of living.

The German occupation, however, affected her greatly and destroyed her peace of mind. In 1942, Spaak reported to the underground National Movement Against Racism (MNCR) and offered her assistance. In an article in her memory, published in 1945 in the Yiddish newspaper Naie Press, B. Aronson, who was active in MNCR, wrote that he and his colleagues had doubted their new member’s ability to help but quickly realized that they had misjudged her. When she joined them, Spaak said, “Tell me what to do . . . so I’ll know that I am serving in the struggle against Nazism.” Spaak did not flinch from any assignment; she walked the length and breadth of Paris to find a hospital willing to accept ailing Jews hiding under assumed names. When necessary, she used her standing in “high society,” and knocked on the doors of clerics, judges, and authors, reminding them of their duty to act against persecution of Jews and opponents of the regime. In other cases, Spaak functioned as a simple underground operative and typed up and distributed leaflets. Aronson described her single-mindedness and devotion as follows: “Spaak belonged to those idealists who jettison their private lives, personal wishes, and material concerns as soon as a great ideal enters their hearts.” Spaak was given a position in the “Red Orchestra” intelligence network and devised daring solutions to intelligence agents’ problems. She was specially drawn to saving the lives of Jewish children at risk of deportation. As the happy mother of two children, Spaak was shaken by the Jewish children’s tragedy and no longer enjoyed her personal life.

In early 1943, information concerning preparations for the deportation of Jewish children in UGIF centers became known. Spaak was an active participant in an operation initiated by Pastor Paul Vergara and Marcelle Guillemot that smuggled more than sixty children to safety. She sheltered some of the children in her home until they were all taken to Paris and various villages to people willing to shelter them. With her comrades’ help, Spaak, at great personal risk, provided the children with ration cards and clothing. In October 1943, she was arrested by the Gestapo and taken to the prison in Fresnes. Before she was incarcerated, however, she gave the lists of Jewish children and their addresses to an underground comrade, thus saving the children. On August 12, 1944, within a week of the liberation of Paris, Spaak was murdered by the Germans.

On April 21, 1985, Yad Vashem recognized Suzanne Spaak as Righteous Among the Nations.

 

This online story was made possible with the support of:

Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany

The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany works to secure compensation and restitution for survivors of the Holocaust.

Since 1951, the Claims Conference - working in partnership with the State of Israel - has negotiated for and distributed payments from Germany, Austria, other governments, and certain industry; recovered unclaimed German Jewish property; and funded programs to assist the neediest Jewish victims of Nazism.