“Our heart….generated the necessary courage”

Pierre Nicolini


Pierre NicoliniPierre Nicolini
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Pierre Nicolini was one of the French political prisoners that were deported by the Germans to Poland. He was put in Halbstadt, one of the many a sub-camps of Gross-Rosen concentration camp. In the same camp were several hundred young Jewish girls that had been brought from Auschwitz in October 1944 as slave laborers in the Halbstadt munitions factory.

Ruth Eldar was one of these girls. Born in Lodz, she had survived life in the ghetto and had been deported to Auschwitz when the ghetto was liquidated in summer 1944. She was 16 years old when she and 50 other girls from Lodz were brought to Halbstadt from Auschwitz. Another 550 Hungarian Jewish women were brought to this camp.

The Jewish prisoners had to work twelve hours a day, were badly treated by the SS supervisors, and received only very meager food rations. They lived in a big hall in the factory building.

The French political prisoners had better conditions than the Jewish inmates, who were at the bottom of the hierarchy of the Nazi camp system. Pierre Nicolini and his friends took pity on the Jewish girls and decided to help them. Although it was absolutely forbidden, Nicolini established contact with the Jewish girls, and smuggled food to them. He tried to help them in any possible way to survive until liberation. At one time the German SS guards decided to lock the girls in the factory hall and to deny them food. Ruth Eldar and two other survivors described that the French workers intervened on their behalf and threatened to shut down the machines, until the Germans brought food to the starving inmates.

Despite the danger, Pierre Nicolini and his friends took great risks to help the Jewish girls. Even though they were themselves victims of the Nazi system they preserved their human dignity and felt that, no matter how difficult their own situation was, they had a moral obligation towards others.

On 13 May 2008 Pierre Nicolini and Georges Pierrot were recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.


This online story was made possible with the support of:

Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany

The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany works to secure compensation and restitution for survivors of the Holocaust.

Since 1951, the Claims Conference - working in partnership with the State of Israel - has negotiated for and distributed payments from Germany, Austria, other governments, and certain industry; recovered unclaimed German Jewish property; and funded programs to assist the neediest Jewish victims of Nazism.