Aracy Carvalho de Guimarães Rosa

Brazil

Aracy Carvalho de Guimaraes RosaAracy Carvalho de Guimaraes Rosa
Aracy Carvalho de Guimaraes Rosa at the ceremony in her honorAracy Carvalho de Guimaraes Rosa at the ceremony in her honor
Aracy Carvalho de Guimaraes Rosa receives the Righteous medaAracy Carvalho de Guimaraes Rosa receives the Righteous meda
The names of the Brazilian Righteous Among the Nations on the honor wall in the Garden of the Righteous, Yad VashemThe names of the Brazilian Righteous Among the Nations on the honor wall in the Garden of the Righteous, Yad Vashem

Aracy Carvalho was responsible for the visa section in the Brazilian Consulate in Hamburg, Germany, where she worked as a secretary in 1938. In that capacity she helped a group of Jews to obtain visas to Brazil, as well as assisting them to overcome financial difficulties before leaving Germany for Brazil. During the Kristallnacht pogrom of November 9-10, 1938, Aracy Carvalho sheltered Margarethe Bertel-Levy and her husband in her home. She then helped her and other Jews with all the arrangements for a safe departure from Germany, which included provisions for taking along on board the ship many belongings, including furniture. Albert Feis, Grethe Jacobsberg, Tuch, and Kazenstein, are some of the other Jewish persons who were similarly assisted by Aracy Carvalho. Aracy Carvalho married the Brazilian consul and writer João Guimarães Rosa in 1940 and they worked together in the Brazilian Hamburg consulate till the disruption of diplomatic relations between Brazil and Germany in mid-1942. Gunther Heilborn, one of the rescued Jews, named his Brazilian born daughter Aracy in her honor. 

On June 3, 1982, Yad Vashem recognized Aracy Carvalho de Guimarães Rosa, as Righteous Among the Nations.

In March 2011, Aracy Carvalho de Guimarães Rosa passed away in São Paulo at the age of 102.

 

This online story was made possible with the support of:

Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany

The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany works to secure compensation and restitution for survivors of the Holocaust.

Since 1951, the Claims Conference - working in partnership with the State of Israel - has negotiated for and distributed payments from Germany, Austria, other governments, and certain industry; recovered unclaimed German Jewish property; and funded programs to assist the neediest Jewish victims of Nazism.