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The Artifacts Collection

Artifacts in the Holocaust History Museum

Sign declaring that a shop in Belgrade, Yugoslavia was owned by Jews

  • Cloth sign printed in Serbo-Croat and German, announcing that the business is in Jewish hands. The Akons family were forced to hang the sign in the window of their store in Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • The Akons family store in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, before the war
  • The Akons children: Shlomo, Yehuda and Peretz, September 1941, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • The Akons children during the family’s migration, Split, Croatia, 1942
  • The Akons family at the end of the war: Heinrich, Frida and the boys, Yugoslavia, 1945

Following the German occupation of Belgrade in April 1941, Jews were forced to identify their businesses as Jewish-owned. Heinrich and Frida Akons, who had a shop on the main street of Belgrade, hung the sign written in Serbo-Croat  and German, as required.  In 1941, when Heinrich was required to report to the police station like other men, he had the presence of mind to leave and return home.  The experience was enough to make him decide to flee with his wife, Frida and their 3 children.
Using forged Italian passports they left the country, leaving some of their possessions with a Serb friend. Among their belongings was the sign from the store.

The family went from place to place: Albania, Croatia, areas under Bulgarian and Italian control, and also found refuge in the partisan villages.

The Akons family survived the war and returned to Belgrade, but following the Communist rise to power and the nationalization of the store, they immigrated to Israel.

Yad Vashem Collection. On loan from:
Shlomo (Solomon Bobby) Akons, Arad, Israel
Yehuda (Julius) Akons, Kiryat Yam, Israel
Peretz (Pavel) Akons, Haifa, Israel

Additional artifacts in the Holocaust History Museum