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The Artifacts Collection

Artifacts in the Holocaust History Museum

The Holocaust History Museum tells the story of the Holocaust from a distinctive Jewish point of view using authentic artifacts, documents, testimonies, film footage, diaries, letters and artworks, emphasizing the personal stories of the victims of the Holocaust.

The many and varied artifacts displayed along the path of the Museum demonstrate and highlight the personal stories of Jews who lived under Nazi occupation in Europe and North Africa during the Holocaust.

The Artifacts collection includes thousands of artifacts that have been collected throughout the existence of Yad Vashem. The great diversity of artifacts that have survived the Holocaust include personal effects and objects that served families or communities; some show fine craftsmanship while the simplicity of others attests to the difficult conditions under which they were created.

Only a small number of artifacts could be displayed in the permanent exhibition of the Holocaust History Museum at Yad Vashem. These, along with all the artifacts preserved in the Collection, play a key role in our ability to preserve the memory of the Holocaust.

One of ten metal containers in which the “Oneg Shabbat” Archive was hiddenOne of ten metal containers in which the “Oneg Shabbat” Archive was hidden
The braids of Lili Hirsch, who was deported with her family to Auschwitz and murderedThe braids of Lili Hirsch, who was deported with her family to Auschwitz and murdered
Pocket watch that belonged to Yeshayahu Markovitz from Transylvania Pocket watch that belonged to Yeshayahu Markovitz from Transylvania
Leg Irons worn by Shimon Srebernik in the Chelmno Death CampLeg Irons worn by Shimon Srebernik in the Chelmno Death Camp
Cup used by Helene Geminder in the Brünnlitz campCup used by Helene Geminder in the Brünnlitz camp
Prison shirt and identity tag of Arthur Rechtwag from Belgium Prison shirt and identity tag of Arthur Rechtwag from Belgium
Locket Holding the Photos of the Two Lovvy Brothers, who were Killed Defending their Homeland, Italy, During World War I Locket Holding the Photos of the Two Lovvy Brothers, who were Killed Defending their Homeland, Italy, During World War I
Prayer Book that Belonged to Hugo Lowy of Filakovo, CzechoslovakiaPrayer Book that Belonged to Hugo Lowy of Filakovo, Czechoslovakia
Bar Mitzva in TheresienstadtBar Mitzva in Theresienstadt
Sign declaring that a shop in Belgrade, Yugoslavia was owned by JewsSign declaring that a shop in Belgrade, Yugoslavia was owned by Jews
Small Mementos from the Lodz GhettoSmall Mementos from the Lodz Ghetto
A small duffle bag given to Genia Wohlfeiler who worked in Oskar Schindler’s factory in BrünnlitzA small duffle bag given to Genia Wohlfeiler who worked in Oskar Schindler’s factory in Brünnlitz
Rouge used by Rosa Sperling and her daughter Marila (Miriam), to make themselves look healthier in order to pass the selections in the campsRouge used by Rosa Sperling and her daughter Marila (Miriam), to make themselves look healthier in order to pass the selections in the camps
Accordion that Shabetai Shemi (Sami) from Monastir, Macedonia received as a Bar Mitzva gift from his parentsAccordion that Shabetai Shemi (Sami) from Monastir, Macedonia received as a Bar Mitzva gift from his parents
Shofar (Ram’s Horn) made under perilous conditions in the forced labor camp Skarżysko-Kamienna in Poland in 1943Shofar (Ram’s Horn) made under perilous conditions in the forced labor camp Skarżysko-Kamienna in Poland in 1943
Wooden Duck Used by the French Underground for Smuggling DocumentsWooden Duck Used by the French Underground for Smuggling Documents
Dolls from TheresienstadtDolls from Theresienstadt
Doll GertaDoll Gerta
The bicycle that Marie-Rose Gineste used to distribute a pastoral letter calling on the population of the parishes of the Montauban diocese to save Jews and hide themThe bicycle that Marie-Rose Gineste used to distribute a pastoral letter calling on the population of the parishes of the Montauban diocese to save Jews and hide them
Scarf that Belonged to  Ethel Stolyar, who was Murdered in a Killing Pit in ZhitomirScarf that Belonged to Ethel Stolyar, who was Murdered in a Killing Pit in Zhitomir
Chanukah Menorah from the Home of Rabbi Akiva & Rachel Posner in Kiel, GermanyChanukah Menorah from the Home of Rabbi Akiva & Rachel Posner in Kiel, Germany
Contact RingContact Ring
Humiliation and Abuse: Artifacts made from Desecrated Torah ScrollsHumiliation and Abuse: Artifacts made from Desecrated Torah Scrolls
Artifacts from the Cyprus Detainment CampsArtifacts from the Cyprus Detainment Camps
Prison Garb from AuschwitzPrison Garb from Auschwitz
Last Words from a Mother and SisterLast Words from a Mother and Sister
The Diaries of the Bruckmann ChildrenThe Diaries of the Bruckmann Children
A Torah Scroll Saved from Destruction in the “Kristallnacht” Pogrom in Leipzig, GermanyA Torah Scroll Saved from Destruction in the “Kristallnacht” Pogrom in Leipzig, Germany
Artifacts from the Home of Professor Herman ZondekArtifacts from the Home of Professor Herman Zondek
A Sign from the Period of Nazi Occupation of Hilversum, Holland: “Forbidden for Jews…!”A Sign from the Period of Nazi Occupation of Hilversum, Holland: “Forbidden for Jews…!”
A Chuppa (wedding canopy) from Eretz Israel sent by the American JDC organization to survivors in European DP camps A Chuppa (wedding canopy) from Eretz Israel sent by the American JDC organization to survivors in European DP camps