Despite initial revulsion for the Nazi regime, Hitler's government was gradually granted legitimacy by countries around the world and international public opinion. Throughout the 1930s, there were those who viewed Nazism as an example of how to confront the economic crisis and the Communist menace. During the late 1930s, because of the threat they posed to peace worldwide and especially in Europe, western countries grew more concerned with Nazi policy. The oppression of German Jewry was not a priority for these countries. The annexation of Austria (the Anschluss) in March 1938 and the deteriorating situation of German and Austrian Jewry during that same year, heightened awareness of the Jewish refugee problem in Europe. In July 1938, an international conference convened in Evian, France, to discuss this issue. It produced no results.
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