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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

Mobile Killing Units

The mass murder of Jews in the occupied areas began with the Nazi invasion of the USSR on June 22, 1941. The Wehrmacht combat units were accompanied by several SS death squads (Einsatzgruppen), whose mission was the immediate liquidation of Jews and Commissars (Russian political and educational communist officers). In practice, during the first months of the Nazi occupation of the East, these units shot between 1.2 and 1.7 million Jewish men, women, and children. German police and army units, and in many cases antisemitic local collaborators also took part in these murders.

Total Sources (by media type):

Artifact Collection 1
Documents 16
Lexicon Entries 39
Maps and Charts 1
Photographs 25
Research 3
Testimonies 1
Total Sources 86
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