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The Holocaust

The Holocaust Resource Center

Jewish Life under Nazi Rule 1933-1945

Despite the Nazis' attempt to segregate, persecute, and ultimately annihilate European Jewry, the Jews tried, by various means, to continue with their lives and even to adapt to the ever- changing conditions. The denaturalization of the German Jews in the 1930's, forced them to develop new social and cultural frameworks, in a process sometimes referred to as a "Jewish Renaissance." In occupied Europe and especially in the ghettos, the Jews coped with the need to go on with life by attempting to provide social services, to maintain religious and educational frameworks, and even to develop cultural life under the most trying circumstances. As conditions worsened, most of the energy in these activities was directed towards basic survival–from smuggling food to actual rescue attempts.

Total Sources (by media type):

Artifact Collection 93
Diaries and Letters 55
Documents 37
Lexicon Entries 91
Maps and Charts 1
Photographs 99
Research 15
Testimonies 37
Works of Art 3
Total Sources 431